The New Way to Train: Blended Learning
Can you imagine starting your first day at Google or Microsoft as a programmer and being sat in front of something like this?
Of course not! As a new employee, you would be met with the latest technology available to make sure you can be as effective as possible at the job you’ve just been hired for. However, in aviation this has not been standard. In this blog post I will offer some insight into blended learning and why it should be integrated into our industry. I will also introduce new training tools available from MPS that can address this need immediately.
Those who have heard me speak before are aware that I strongly advocate for the need of better training in aviation, especially such training that optimizes the opportunity for learning to take place. After all, should learning not be the intent rather than reaching a certain number of hours in ground school, simulators or the airplane to meet an unfounded expectation of quality? I am a firm believer that just because there’s a way something has been done in the past, it does not necessarily correspond to the needs of the future.
The way we train pilots is based on teaching and learning methodologies from the 1960’s that have not evolved. We traditionally start with a couple of days, or sometimes even weeks, of ground school training followed by fixed base training sessions. Then, final training takes place in an FFS, with airplane training needed in some regions to fulfill the takeoff and landing requirements. Ms. Anneke Nabben from the Dutch Aerospace Laboratory (NLR) along with colleagues has identified that, “The traditional training syllabus is very prescriptive and leaves little room for tailoring or scope for optional training content and media.” The path to professional aviation is basically an extended path of those who fly for fun, under the impression that “more is better”. However, true as this may be in certain situations, it has become clear that more time in a single engine propeller airplane to reach a certain number of hours does not relate to achieving any competencies other than the competency to spend money. In addition, there is significant risk that students teach themselves incorrect habits in these hours, which need to be addressed through re-training, making this entire process less than effective at best.
As a wave of new generation students enter the aviation industry, we must realize that learning styles have vastly changed over the last 50 to 60 years. It is unnatural for new generations to take an uncomprehensive approach to flying when they have been exposed to immense technological access their whole lives. We must align and tailor training to new generational expectations.
With this in mind, efforts are currently focusing on blended learning. Blended learning aligns with the way a task is completed through subtasks and part tasks. The EASA Rulemaking Task 0599 which I chair recently published the Aviation Blended Learning Environment (ABLE) Concept paper. It was produced by a combination of learning and aviation experts with Nabben as the author and lead contributor. The research paper forms the basis for a learning revolution in commercial aviation training. An early version was published by EASA but the most recent version is not yet publicly available. If you are interested in reading the updated document, please contact me directly. I will give you a quick overview here:
The ABLE Concept paper has been the basis of discussions on crediting learning on aviation and other learning tools towards achieving the required competencies. Even though it was originally based on competency based training, it also creates an opportunity to address compliance training targets towards type rating and operational (recurrent) training. To ensure continuous innovation, the paper does not restrict to currently approved training devices only, but allows for use of yet to be developed training tools. As the executive summary outlines:
“By using the defined process described and proposed … hardware, software and new technology solutions (including but not limited to Virtual Reality, Augmented Reality, distance and cloud based learning, etc.) can be selected for specific training tasks. The basis of the proposed training solution(s) focuses on the desired outcome of training rather than only on the availability of devices currently used. This in turn allows flexibility, proper connection between training need and outcome, and cost effectiveness, while restricting the need for use of high-level devices such as the FFS solely to the specific capabilities they offer, which is when fidelity requirements exceed lower level device capability.” (ABLE).
This effort is further supported by the Training Task Force of EASA Rulemaking Task 0196. In parallel with the ABLE Concept paper, this Training Task Force (TTF) will “develop guidance on the capability of each FSTD to define the use of the appropriate FSTDs in training in support of the changes to the latest amendment of regulation.”
As I am part of these groups, at MPS we have the opportunity to lead the industry in incorporating these innovative, smarter training solutions into our product line. Based on the existing technology of MPS devices, we have developed part task trainers that support professional training in a coordinated and fully integrated way.
At next week’s EATS conference, we will officially unveil the newest additions to our training tools: an FMS trainer for iPad applications and a fully integrated desktop solution that goes beyond this. The desktop trainer can even include flight models so students can not only familiarize themselves with data entry but can truly use a blend of tools to gain competency and credit while not having to duplicate efforts.
If you are interested in this blended learning philosophy and the training tools we are developing, I look forward to seeing you at our stand #415 at EATS to identify how MPS can support you with our smarter simulators. If you will not be in attendance at EATS, please feel free to contact us through our webpage or by phone. We are here to serve you!